Occidental Petroleum (OXY) - Environmental and Culural Destruction
Occidental Petroleum (OXY) an oil and gas company from California, signed a contract with Colombia’s national oil company EcoPetrol in 1983 to gain exploration and production rights over the area called Caño Limon in Arauca. The contract was signed just seven years after the Colombian court had declared the area of Laguna Lipa a protected natural reserve zone, and Caño Limon lies within this zone. Laguna Lipa is a fragile zone made up of estuaries, forests, rivers, and lakes with an immense amount of biodiversity, boasting many different types of animals and plants. In addition to its ecological importance, Laguna Lipa was also an important cultural heritage site for many Indigenous communities such as the Sikuani, Macaguán, Betoy, Hitnu and U’wa. Since the contract was signed in 1983 Oxy has extracted more than 1.2 billion barrels of oil from Laguna Lipa. Due to the fact that the Caño Limon concession was part of the Laguna Lipa sanctuary, it was opposed by communities within Arauca because of the potential threats it could pose to the ecosystem and indigenous livelihoods, as well as the impact that the petroleum multinational could have on the communities in Arauca. Soon after OXY began activities in Caño Limon, many of these fears were realized.  

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See below for Zoe Pepper-Cunningham's report on Segovia and Gran Colombia Gold. For more information, and to access the research alluded to in the video, please download the documents below.


What’s Good for the People is Good for the Company? Analysis of the Effectiveness of Corporate Social Responsibility Programs in Latin America

Authors: Larry Chirinos, Kristy Wright (Florida International University). Case Studies: Colombia (Occidental Petroleum), Chile, Peru.

Failing Grades: Evaluating the Results of Plan Colombia

Author: Adam Isacson. Yale Journal of International Affairs. In 2002 Congress approved the first non-drug military assistance to Colombia, a $100 million program to help Colombia’s military protect an oil pipeline from guerrilla attacks. About 44 percent of the oil in the Caño Limón- Coveñas pipeline was owned by Occidental Petroleum, a Los Angeles- based company that for years had lobbied for more security assistance to Colombia.

SITUACION DE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y DERECHO INTERNACIONAL HUMANITARIO DEPARTAMENTO DE ARAUCA 2004-2006

Autor: Consejo Nacional Indígena de Paz (CONIP). El presente informe realiza un análisis, basado en la visita al departamento de Arauca, en el mes de junio de 2006, con el apoyo de la Asociación de Cabildos y Autoridades Tradicionales de Arauca, ASCATIDAR, la Asociación de Cabildos U’wa, ASOU’WA y las comunidades Betoye desplazadas en Tame, así como la sistematización de la información de fuentes primarias y secundarias disponibles, para el período 2004, 2005 y el primer trimestre de 2006.

Recordar para reparar Las masacres de Matal de Flor Amarillo y Corocito en Arauca

Autor: Centro de Memoria Historica. Ha pasado cerca de un cuarto de siglo desde cuando Colombia aprendió en forma dolorosa que hay bonanzas que no siempre vienen acompañadas de cosas positivas. Así ocurrió cuando a comienzos de los años ochenta la compañía Occidental Petroleum descubrió un rico yacimiento de crudo en el campo de Cravo Norte, en el departamento de Arauca.